Short selling is a trading strategy employed by investors to profit from falling stock prices, allowing them to bet against the market.

In short selling, investors borrow shares from a broker, sell them in the market, and aim to buy them back at a lower price later.

If the stock price declines as anticipated, short sellers repurchase the shares at a lower price, return them to the lender, and pocket the difference.

Short selling provides an opportunity to make profits even in a bearish market, diversifying investment strategies beyond traditional buying and holding.

However, short selling carries higher risks since stock prices can rise unexpectedly, leading to potential losses and the need to cover positions at a higher price.

Traders engaging in short selling must closely monitor the market, analyze trends, and identify stocks with potential downward momentum.

Short selling can be utilized for various purposes, such as hedging existing long positions or expressing a bearish view on specific stocks or sectors.

Regulations and restrictions may apply to short selling in certain markets to maintain stability and prevent abusive practices, ensuring fair market conditions.

Short selling plays a role in price discovery and market efficiency by reflecting negative sentiment and countering potential stock price manipulations.

To engage in short selling, investors should carefully consider their risk tolerance, conduct thorough research, and adhere to their trading strategies.