The US dollar's global standing often sparks predictions of its downfall, but the reality is different. It remains a prized currency to lose, not one for others to gain.
Critics point to a decline in the dollar's share of foreign exchange reserves as evidence of its imminent demise. However, its supremacy lies in global trade, a challenging force to redirect.
The US dollar's dominance in financial markets stems from its usage in non-financial transactions, especially as an "invoicing currency" in trade. It simplifies operations for companies and improves cost-effectiveness.
Modern supply chains involve complex international transactions. Invoicing and financing each element in different currencies would create inconvenience and inefficiency.
The US dollar's widespread use as a vehicle currency extends beyond US involvement. Its convenience, alongside the openness and size of US financial markets, reinforces its dominance.
Financial systems of many countries rely on the dollar to provide short-term credit, leading them to invest in US financial markets. This strengthens the dollar's position in international trade and finance.
While governments like China may seek alternatives to challenge the US dollar, success remains unlikely due to practical obstacles and limited investment opportunities outside the US.
The global financial landscape favors democratic regimes and established rule of law, further solidifying the dollar's position as a trusted currency for companies and investors worldwide.